Francisco de Goya<br />
Cap. Blatt 43: Der Traum der Vernunft gebiert Ungeheuer (Detail), 1799<br />
© Morat Institut, Freiburg

FRANCISCO DE GOYA

Etchings for the Morat-Institute

October 25 – January 24, 2021

Introduction: Franz Armin Morat
Morat-Institute for Art and Art Science, Freiburg i.Br.

Rather unusual for a Sculpture Museum, this special exhibition pays tribute to the Spanish painter, draftsman and graphic artist Francisco de Goya y Lucientes, an outstanding figure in the history of European art, but not a sculptor. Born in 1746 near Zaragoza and deceased in 1828 in Bordeaux, Goya is one of the leading artistic personalities of his time. And this not only as a portraitist and court painter of Charles IV, but as an artist who sets new standards, especially with his graphic oeuvre. His medium is etching, often in connection with the aquatint technique, whose handling he develops to mastery. To this day Francisco de Goya is not only regarded as one of the last great court painters, but with his expressive and surreal imagery he is also considered one of the first pioneers of modernism.

Three of his four famous sequences of etchings are presented on two exhibition floors: Los Caprichos (80 sheets, published in 1799), Los Desastres de la Guerra (82 sheets, completed in 1820), and La Tauromaquia (33 sheets, 1815-1816). All 195 prints show Francisco de Goya as a sharp-eyed observer, who critically reflects the ecclesiastical, social and political grievances of his time. In 1797, at the age of 51, he starts the enigmatic picture cycle Los Caprichos (moods, Ideas), which marks a turning point in his artistic work. Deafened by a serious illness, Goya  increasingly withdraws from courtly events and public duties and works more independently. In his second series, Los Desastres de la Guerra (The Horrors of War), starting in 1810, he depicts the atrocities committed in the struggle of the rebellious Spanish population against Napoleon`s soldiers. In this series of pictures, which were published only after his death, Goya shows the terrible crimes against humanity committed on both sides, but he does not take a stand. For La Tauromaquia (The Bullfight) he finally etches dramatic scenes of fighting between man and animal, a popular subject at the time, in unusual perspectives,.The exhibition is concluded by the famous sheet Modo de Volar (A Way to Fly), a key work of Goya's last series of 22 prints, Los Disparates (Folly, Stupidity, 1816-1824).

The etchings on display are from the renowned collection of the Morat Institute for Art and Art Science in Freiburg i.Br. All of them are prints from first editions and show highest quality. Therefore, the Neumarkt Goya-Show is not only a great pleasure quantitatively but also qualitatively, for art lovers in general and for connoisseurs of graphic arts in particular.

 

Helmut Sturm<br />
Untitled, 1978/1982<br />
Photo: Andreas Pauly

HELMUT STURM

Retrospective

February 7 – May 9, 2021

Introduction: Prof. Dr. Andreas Kühne, Bavarian Academy of Fine Arts Munich